The art of fencing is most ancient, and was discovered in the times of Nino, King of the Assyrians, who, through use of the advantage of arms, was made monarch and patron of the world; from the Assyrians the monarchy passed to the Persians; the praise of this practice, through the valor of Ciro, from the Persians, came to the Macedonians, from these to the Greeks, from the Greeks it was fixed in the Romans, who (as testifies Vegetius) brought to the field masters of fencing, whom they named “Campi ductores, vel doctores” which is to say, guides, or masters of the field, and these taught the soldiers the strikes of the thrust and the cut against a pole. — Ridolfo CapoFerro
From the instructor’s engagement in third, disengagement (hand in fourth position) from the guard
From the instructor’s engagement in third, disengagement with a lunge
From the student’s engagement in third, simple parry of fourth, riposte by glide without a lunge
From the instructor’s engagement in third, feint by disengagement and disengagement, ending in the outside high line
From the instructor’s engagement in third, disengagement. Instructor parries and ripostes by glide to the high line. Student uses their off hand to parry the incoming riposte above and to the outside of their sword arm while freeing their weapon with a disengagement, passing forward and hitting in the body with the hand in second position.
From the instructor’s engagement in third, disengagement. Instructor parries while closing distance and putting strong pressure against the student’s blade. Student raise their pommel while dropping their tip so that it points to the ground. Grabs the opponent’s wrist, and passes forward while bringing their sword around for a cut, thrust, or pommel strike.
One fencer attacks with either a straight thrust or a feint direct and disengagement. The second fencer is allowed to make one parry to defend the attack.